Stephen C. Nelson and Catherine Weaver. 2014. The Cultures of International Organizations, in Jacob Katz Cogan, Ian Hurd and Ian Johnstone, eds. The Oxford Handbook of International Organizations. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
pThis chapter reviews the theories and empirical work on the organizational cultures of international organizations.nbsp; We tackle three key tasks: (1) provide a review of how organizational culture is conceptualized in a way amenable to observation and analysis; (2) assess how we can best demonstrate how and when culture matters, and especially how much culture matters in relations to factors such as political power and material interests; (3) propose a typology of culture-based theories that vary in terms of treating culture as a constraint or strategic resource; and (4) discuss problems of measurement and inference in the study of IO cultures.nbsp; The chapter includes several details examples drawn from cases of major international organizations such as the IMF, World Bank, and United Nations.nbsp;nbsp;/p
Global and Regional Governance