The bipartisan U.S. Commission on Immigration Reform was authorized by Section 141 of the Immigration Act of 1990. The Commission expired on December 31, 1997. The mandate of the Commission was to review and evaluate the implementation and impact of U.S. immigration policy and to transmit to the Congress reports of its findings and recommendations.
In particular, the Commission examined the implementation and impact of provisions of the Immigration Act of 1990 related to family reunification, employment-based immigration, and the program to ensure diversity for the sources of U.S. immigration. The Commission examined: the effectiveness of efforts to curb illegal immigration; the impact of immigration on labor needs, employment, and other economic and domestic conditions in the United States; the social, demographic, and natural resources impact of immigration; the impact of immigration on the foreign policy and national security interests of the United States; and various numerical limitations in the selection and adjustment of status of immigrants, asylees, and non-immigrants.
The Commission's first interim report U.S. Immigration Policy: Restoring Credibility, presented to Congress on September 30, 1994, focused primarily on controlling illegal immigration with unanimous recommendations for border management, work-site verification, program eligibility, and impact aid for states affected by illegal immigration.
The Commission's second interim report Legal Immigration: Setting Priorities was presented to Congress in 1995. Whereas the previous report focused on illegal immigration, this report presents near unanimous recommendations on family and employment-based immigration, refugee admissions, and naturalization/Americanization.
The Commission made two final reports to Congress in 1997: U.S. Refugee Policy: Taking Leadership; and Becoming An American: Immigration and Immigrant Policy.