Gary Chapman is director of The 21st Century Project at the Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs, the graduate school of public policy at the University of Texas in Austin, Texas. He is associate director of the Telecommunications and Information Policy Institute, also at the University of Texas. He is also a member of the faculty at the LBJ School.
The 21st Century Project is dedicated to expanding public participation in the development of new goals for science and technology policy in the post-Cold War era. The Project specializes in the social implications and trends of new developments in information technologies and telecommunications. Chapman's work has been funded for five years by grants from the National Science Foundation. The 21st Century Project's recent research projects have included work on developing Austin's community network, Austin Free-Net , bringing computers and the Internet to low-income neighborhoods in Austin, on the use of electronic benefits transfer and "smart cards" in government services, and on responsible use of the Internet by young people. A project funded by the Texas Public Utilities Commission investigated the deployment of broadband Internet connections in rural Texas. Another recent project was an evaluation of the community networking programs funded by Texas' Telecommunications Infrastructure Fund. In 2003-2004, an LBJ School team is researching "community informatics." Since 2006, the Project has been helping the State of Texas in reform of mental healthcare.
For six years, Chapman wrote the internationally syndicated, bi-weekly newspaper column on technology and society, called "Digital Nation," published in and syndicated by The Los Angeles Times. The column was carried in many newspapers in the U.S. and abroad, and appeared on several sites on the World-Wide Web.
Chapman currently writes a bi-weekly column for The Austin American-Statesman, a column which runs every other Friday on the op-ed page of the newspaper.
In January 1999, The Austin American-Statesman named Chapman one of its "Ten to Watch in 1999."
In March 2000, he was named by Texas Monthly magazine one of the "25 Most Powerful Texans in High Tech." The magazine said, "Chapman is the state's leading voice of reason."
In May 2000, Chapman was named "Educator of the Year" by the Central Texas chapter of the American Society for Public Administration.
In 2001, Chapman was awarded the Texas Excellence in Teaching Award, an honor bestowed by students on one faculty member in each school or college of the University of Texas. Chapman was the recipient from the LBJ School.
In February 1999, Chapman was appointed to the selection committee for the Turing Award, the highest award in computer science, the field's equivalent of the Nobel Prize. The Turing Award is presented annually by the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), the international professional society of computer scientists. In announcing this appointment, selection committee chairman Ed Lazowska, who chairs the computer science department at the University of Washington, called Chapman "the leading thinker on the social implications of computing." Chapman is the only member of this five-person committee who is not a computer scientist. In 2004, for the 2003 Turing Award, Chapman is the chairman of the selection committee.
Chapman was executive director of the national public interest organization Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility from 1984 to 1991, and then director of CPSR's 21st Century Project from 1991 to 1993. He was co-editor of the 1987 book, Computers in Battle: Will They Work?, which won runner-up as Best Computer Book of the Year by the National Computer Press Association. The book has been translated into Italian, Russian, and Japanese. He co-authored, with Joel Yudken, the 1993 book, The 21st Century Project: Setting a New Course for Science and Technology Policy, and the 1992 publication, Guidebook to the Military-Industrial Complex. He edited the highly regarded CPSR Newsletter from 1985 to 1993.
His articles have appeared in numerous publications, including The New York Times, The New Republic, Technology Review, The Los Angeles Times, The Washington Post, The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, Nuclear Times, In Context, The Boston Globe, Texas Monthly, The Texas Observer, Texas Biz, The Austin American-Statesman, ComputerWorld, CIO magazine, The San Jose Mercury News, The Communications of the ACM, The Dallas Morning News, The San Francisco Chronicle, The San Francisco Examiner, Newsday, South Atlantic Quarterly, FEED, In These Times, Internet Planete (France), and many others. He is commonly quoted in national publications such as The New York Times, The Washington Post, The Wall Street Journal, Newsweek, and The Boston Globe. He has appeared on television on The Today Show, the CBS Evening News, Nightline, and two PBS documentaries for the science program "Nova," as well as on radio for both local stations and National Public Radio.
Chapman has been a featured speaker at a wide variety of conferences and symposia, including meetings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Student Pugwash, Sigma Xi's Wingspread Conference, the National Conference on Technology and Conversion, the Aspen Institute, the National Conference on Computing and Values, the Internet Society, and many others. He has been a national speaker on technology and ethics in a series sponsored by the GTE Corporation on three separate occasions. In February 1994 Chapman delivered an invited presentation to the executive committee of the National Institute of Standards and Technology. In August, 1994, Chapman was a speaker in the national lecture series sponsored by the Johnson Foundation, at the Wingspread Center in Racine, Wisconsin, and his speech was carried on Wisconsin Public Radio. In September, 1994, Chapman was invited to submit testimony on national science policy to the House Committee on Science, Space, and Technology of the U.S. Congress. In June, 1995, he was the keynote speaker at the first annual conference "Society and the Future of Computing," sponsored by Los Alamos National Laboratory. In 1996, he was the keynote speaker at the conference marking the founding of the Internet Society in Mexico, a meeting held in Mexico City. In October, 1997, he was a featured speaker at The Wall Street Journal's "Technology Summit" in New York City. In May, 1998, he debated Esther Dyson at the annual meeting, in Washington, D.C., of the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM). In July, 1998, he presented an invited paper, titled "National Security and the Internet," at the annual convention of the Internet Society in Geneva, Switzerland. In November 1999, he was the keynote speaker at the national convention of the U.S. Department of Commerce's Technology Opportunities Program (TOPS), a convention titled "Networks for People."
In 1989 and 1990 Chapman was a guest in the Soviet Union of the Soviet Academy of Sciences, with Sherry Turkle and Esther Dyson, where he lectured in several cities and was interviewed on Soviet national television. An account of his trip in 1989 was the cover story of Forbes magazine in June 1989. In 1990 Chapman was a Distinguished Lecturer in Computer Science at the University of Washington in Seattle, and in 1992 he delivered a special Director's Address at the Center for Science and International Affairs at the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. Chapman has also lectured at MIT, Stanford, the University of California at Berkeley, UCLA, the University of Southern California, and many other colleges and universities throughout the United States. He has also given presentations in Canada and in Europe at the University of Pisa, the science center in Turin, Italy, the Technical University of Berlin, and the University of Frankfurt. In August, 1998, he was a member of the faculty of a European Union graduate student program on international security and technology, called ISODARCO, held in the Italian Alps. He co-directed this program in 1999 with Dr. Diego Latella of Italy's CNUCE research center, the country's national computer science research facility. In February 1999, Chapman was a featured speaker at Edtech '99, a conference hosted by the Ministry of Education of the government of Singapore, and in December 2000 he was the keynote speaker at a conference on youth networking in Hong Kong. In October 2003, Chapman was a speaker at the prestigious Amaldi Conference on Problems in Global Security, in Helsinki, Finland, where he delivered a talk on the "Revolution in Military Affairs."
Chapman serves on the national boards of the Campaign for Responsible Technology and the Center for Civic Networking. He has served on advisory boards for the National Science Foundation, the Congressional Office of Technology Assessment, the National Center for Research on Computers and Society, the Aspen Institute, Student Pugwash, and the Coalition for New Office Technology. He was a member of the National Science Foundation's 1994-95 task force on Science, Technology and Democracy. He is a frequent advisor to the State of Texas.
Educated at Occidental College in Los Angeles, California, and at Stanford University, he has also taught at both institutions. Chapman is also a former member of the United States Army Special Forces, or "Green Berets."
He lives in Austin with his wife Carol Flake Chapman, a journalist, travel writer, and author of four books.
Carol Flake Chapman